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THE MAPLE FAMILY – A very large family containing some of the finest trees for autumn colours, as well as the ‘snake bark’ maples. Several of the larger species are useful for screening and will tolerate even industrial areas. All the following are deciduous and hardy and are not particularly fussy about soil conditions, but do prefer well-drained soils – not water logged ones.

ACER BUERGERIANUM – Trident Maple

Deciduous tree with yellow green flowers in March before tri-lobed leaves appear.  Leaves start off bronze colour, hardening to a deeper green in summer, and then red to yellow and orange in autumn. Prefers well drained soil and a sheltered spot.

 ACER CAMPESTRE – Field Maple

Deciduous, round-headed tree. Small, dense, five lobed leaves sometimes pinkish-red at first. Long lasting, red and gold autumn foliage. Corky, light brown twigs. Grows on chalk and waterlogged soils. Tolerant of a wide range of soils. Very hardy.

ACER CAMPESTRE ‘RUBY GLOW’ – Field Maple

A selected form of our common Field Maple whose young leaves have a rich purple tint in April when opening, fading to dark green by summer. Red and yellow autumn colour.

ACER CAPPADOCICUM – Cappadocian or Caucasian Maple

Deciduous, medium, broad crowned tree recognised by finely pointed lobes of the leaves and wide angled ‘keys’. Glossy green foliage turns rich butter yellow in autumn.

ACER CAPPADOCICUM ‘AUREUM’ – Golden Maple

A deciduous, round-headed tree. Young foliage is a tinted golden yellow which fades to green in summer, then turns a bright yellow in autumn.

ACER CAPPADOCICUM ‘RUBRUM’ – Cappadocian Maple

A deciduous, broad-crowned tree with unusual finely pointed leaves. Striking fiery red young foliage turns green, then later gold in autumn.

ACER CIRCINATUM – Vine Maple

Spreading, bushy tree. Deeply lobed, light green leaves, turning orange and red in autumn. Bears small purple and white flowers

ACER DAVIDII – Snake-Bark Maple

Deciduous, round headed tree. The young bark is green or purple/red and striped with white, hence the ‘Snake-Bark’ name. Leaves are olive green and turn glorious shades of orange and reds in autumn. Small clusters of yellow flowers in spring, followed by keys, which ripen and hold on the tree some time. Very ornamental.

ACER DAVIDII ‘GEORGE FORREST’ – Snake-Bark Maple

Deciduous, open headed tree with vigorous spreading branches. Young bark is green or purple/red and striped with white. Large dark green leaves with rhubarb red stalks.

ACER GRISEUM – Paper-Bark Maple

Slender, high crowned tree with late unfolding orange-buff lobed leaves, becoming yellowish to darkgreen. Excellent autumn colouring, red and scarlet. Peeling orange-brown bark reveals cinnamon coloured new bark. Good on chalk. Very slow growing.

ACER GROSSERI VAR. HERSII – Hers’s Maple

A small tree with wonderfully marbled bark, leaves, excellent autumnal colour.

ACER NEGUNDO ‘AUREOMARGINATUM’ – Variegated Box Elder

Small attractive tree, leaves with a broad, irregular white margin.

 

ACER NEGUNDO ‘FLAMINGO’ – Box Elder

Fast growing, deciduous, spreading tree, or can be grown as a large shrub.  Pinkish, then white margined, bright green leaves with 3 or 5 leaflets.  Inconspicuous greenish yellow flowers appear in late spring.  The variegation is better in full sun.

ACER NEGUNDO ‘VARIEGATUM’ – Variegated Box Elder/Ashleaf Maple

Fast growing, deciduous, spreading tree, or can be grown as a large shrub. Pinkish, then white margined, bright green leaves with 3 or 5 leaflets. Inconspicuous greenish yellow flowers appear in late spring. The variegation is better in full sun.

ACER PENSYLVANICUM – Moosewood or Striped Maple

Upright, deciduous tree with pale jade-green and white striped bark.  Lobed, bright green leaves turn clear yellow in autumn. Bears panicles of greenish yellow flowers.

ACER PLATANOIDES – Norway Maple

A handsome fast growing tree. Clusters of yellow flowers are produced on bare stems in early Spring. In autumn the foliage turns rich butter yellow. An excellent, hardy, tolerant of pollution and a good screening tree, but needs space.

ACER PLATANOIDES ‘CRIMSON KING’ – Norway Maple

Deciduous, medium/large spreading, vigorous tree. Large lobed leaves, deep reddish-purple in colour turn orange in the autumn. Attractive small deep yellow flowers, tinged red are borne in the spring. Plant in a sunny position with well drained soil.

ACER PLATANOIDES ‘DRUMMONDII’ – Norway Maple

Fast growing tree. Bears conspicuous clusters of yellow flowers on bare stems in mid spring. Leaves have a marginal white band, which turn bright yellow in autumn. Remove any reverting shoots quickly.

ACER PLATANOIDES ‘EMERALD QUEEN’ – Norway Maple

A vigorous, upright tree, broadening with age. With beautiful dark, glossy green leaves. Good autumnal colours.

ACER PLATANOIDES ‘PRINCETON GOLD’ – Norway Maple

One of the best golden-leaved maples.  A superb, vigorous and fast-growing variety, it bears bright golden young foliage on red leaf stalks.  Foliage fades to yellowish-green before turning vibrant yellow in autumn.  Full sun or partial shade.

ACER PLATANOIDES ‘GLOBOSUM’ – Norway Maple

Dense, rounded head tree. Large, dark green oval leaves each with 3-5 lobes tapering to slender pointed teeth. Leaves turn clear yellow, sometimes red in autumn. Limited availability.

ACER PSEUDOPLATANUS – Sycamore

A fast growing picturesque tree that will grow well in any soil. It is especially good for exposed situations. Now widely planted and naturalised in all parts of the country.

ACER PSEUDOPLATANUS ‘BRILLIANTISSIMUM’ – Sycamore

The most spectacular of sycamores, with glorious shrimp pink foliage in the spring, later changing to yellow-green, then finally green.

ACER PSEUDOPLATANUS ‘LEOPOLDII’ – Sycamore

A spreading, densely branched tree. Has beautifully marked leaves yellow/pink at first, later green splashed with yellow and white. Better variegation in full sun. Prefers well-drained soils.

ACER PSEUDOPLATANUS ‘SIMON-LOUIS FRERES’ – Sycamore

Slow-growing tree. Leaves pink when young, later becoming blotched and streaked green and white.

ACER PSEUDOPLATANUS SPAETHII/ATROPURPUREA – Sycamore

A large spreading domed shaped tree. Maple shaped leaves have a purple underside. Yellow flowers followed by stunning red ‘keys’. Suitable for any soil except water logged ones.

ACER RUBRUM – Red Maple/Canadian Maple

Deciduous, medium/large, round-headed tree. Dark green leaves turn bright red in autumn, producing the best colour on acid or neutral soil. In spring, bare branches are covered with tiny red flowers. Prefers full or part sun and well drained soil.

ACER RUFINERVE – Grey Snake-Bark Maple

Broad columnar tree with arching branches. Pink striped grey bark, with a slate blue flush on new growth. Dark green, large leaves, turning bright red and orange in autumn.

ACER SACCHARINUM – Silver Maple

The five lobed leaves are silvery white beneath, creating a stunning effect when ruffled by the wind. These turn butter yellow or sometime red in autumn. Fast growing tree needing space, or keep as a large shrub with pruning. Avoid very exposed sites if grown as a tree.

ACER SACCHARUM – Sugar Maple

Large ornamental tree, similar to the Norway Maple. One of the finest autumn colouring trees, with colours varying from orange, gold, scarlet and crimson. Sap is used to make Maple Syrup in America.

ACER SIEBOLDIANUM – Siebold’s Maple

Finely toothed soft green leaves, beautifully coloured in autumn. Yellow flowers appear in delicate clusters with the young leaves. Best sheltered from cold winds and in moist, retentive soil.

ACER TATARICUM SUBSP. GINNALA – Amur Maple

Deciduous, spreading tree or can be grown as large shrub. Clusters of fragrant, creamy-white flowers early summer amid dainty, bright green leaves that turn red in autumn.

ACER TATARICUM SUBSP. GINNALA ‘FLAME’ – Amur Maple

Deciduous, spreading tree or can be grown as large shrub. Clusters of fragrant, creamy-white flowers early summer amid dainty, bright green leaves that turn red in autumn with red fruits.

THE HORSECHESTNUT FAMILY – HARMFUL IF EATEN. Among the most ornamental of the late spring/early summer flowering trees. All have palmate leaves and carry flowers in panicles. Easy to cultivate, thriving in any soil except waterlogged ones and very limey ones. Aesculus Indica & Aesculus x carnea ‘Briotii’ are notably resistant to the Chestnut Leaf Miner currently affecting these trees

 AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM – Horse Chestnut

Most suited for the larger gardens. Sticky buds are followed by white flowers, like erect candles produced in late spring and early summer. ‘Conkers’ appear in autumn when the large palmate leaves turn yellow.

AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM ‘BAUMANII’ – Baumann’s Horse Chestnut

Large tree not suited to the average sized garden. Bears shorter candles of double white flowers than the straight Hippocastanum variety but are longer lasting. No “conkers”.

AESCULUS INDICA – Indian Horse Chestnut

A magnificent large tree, with leaves with 7 leaflets, bronze when young, becoming dark glossy green, then finally turning yellow or orange in autumn. Large panicles of pink-flushed flowers, as long as 40cm and 13cm wide, appear in June and July. Followed by almost black conkers, very large.

AESCULUS X CARNEA ‘BRIOTII’ – Red Horse Chestnut

Deciduous round headed tree. Leaves of 5 or 7 leaflets are glossy dark green. Deep pink flowers are borne in late spring. Conkers not in prickly cases.

AESCULUS X CARNEA ‘PLANTIERENSIS’ – Pink Buckeye

A very beautiful form of pink chestnut. Large hand-shaped leaves set off spikes of blush pink flowers in May.

AILANTHUS ALTISSIMA – Tree of Heaven

A deciduous, spreading, medium, fast growing tree with large, dark leaves consisting of 15-30 paired oval leaflets. Clusters of small green flowers appear in summer followed by winged green then reddish-brown fruit.

 

ALDERS – Alders will grow in most soils, except shallow chalks and are very useful for damp sites. Male catkins are long and drooping, females are shorter and become woody cones. Excellent for shelter belts and good for wildlife.

 ALNUS CORDATA – Italian Alder

Fast growing, deciduous, conical tree. Yellow, male catkins appear in late winter and early spring, followed, by heart shaped, glossy, deep green leaves.

ALNUS GLUTINOSA – Black/Common Alder

Fast growing, deciduous, conical tree. Bears yellow catkins in early spring. Smooth dark grey bark. Once widely used in the manufacture of clogs in Northern England

ALNUS GLUTINOSA ‘LACINIATA’ – Cut-leaved Common Alder

A cut leafed variety of the Grey Alder. Leaves are deeply cut into pairs of slender, toothed lobes giving a delicate effect.

ALNUS INCANA  - Grey Alder

Deciduous, medium, exceptionally hardy, conical shaped tree broadening with age.  Useful for cold, wet areas and poor soils.  Yellow brown catkins are carried in late winter and early spring, followed by oval dark green leaves which have a grey underside.

ALNUS INCANA ‘AUREA’ – Golden Alder

Conical shaped tree with reddish yellow/orange shoots in winter followed by similar colour catkins in late winter/early spring. Pale yellow leaves turning to green in summer. Likes cold, wet areas and poor soil.

AMELANCHIER - Hardy small trees or large shrubs.  Good spring and autumn interest.  Like moist, well drained, lime free soil.

AMELANCHIER BALLERINA

Abundant white flowers in spring and excellent red autumn colour.  Does best in moist, well drained, lime-free soil.

AMELANCHIER CANADENSIS – June or Service Berry

Oblong leaves are richly coloured both when young and in autumn.  Erect racemes of white flowers appear when the leaves unfurl in the spring.  Prefers part or full sun and moist but well drained soil.

AMELANCHIER LAMARCKII – Snowy Mespilus

Deciduous, small tree.  White star-shaped flowers open from mid to late spring.  Yellowish-green leaves in summer turning scarlet and crimson in autumn.

AMELANCHIER X GRANDIFLORA ‘ROBIN HILL’

Deciduous, small tree.  White star-shaped flowers open from mid to late spring.  Attractive autumn colour.

 

ARBUTUS UNEDO – Strawberry Tree

Evergreen, bushy, slow growing, spreading tree/ shrub, with peeling, reddish-brown bark and glossy, dark green foliage. Clusters of small, white flowers in autumn to spring are followed by small strawberry-like orange or red fruits, which hold on the plant to the following year, hence the plant often supports flowers and berry together. Needs a sheltered spot in sun, and well-drained soil.

 

ARONIA MELANOCARPA ‘VIKING’ – Black Chokeberry

Deciduous, bushy shrub or small tree. White flowers appear in late spring and early summer, followed by black fruits. Glossy, dark green leaves turn red in autumn. Full sun and well-drained soil.

BIRCH – There is a birch variety for most soils, most are less vigorous on shallow chalk. Male catkins appear in spring and hang downwards. Female catkins stand erect. Trees planted in groups look very effective in winter and quite quickly form a wildlife haven.

BETULA ALBOSINENSIS ‘HERGEST’ – Chinese Red Birch

Deciduous, medium tree with serrated, pale green leaves. Peeling bark is honey coloured or reddish maroon with a grey bloom – offering good winter interest. Does best in a well drained soil.

BETULA ALBOSINENSIS VAR. SEPTENTIONALIS – Chinese Red Birch

Deciduous, medium size, open branched, elegant tree with serrated, oval to lance shaped, pale green leaves. Peeling bark is honey coloured or reddish maroon with a grey bloom – offering good winter interest. Does best in a well-drained soil.

BETULA ERMANII – Russian Rock Birch

Deciduous, open-branched, conical, elegant tree. Peeling, pinkish-white bark provides stunning winter interest. Oval, glossy, green leaves give excellent autumn colour.

BETULA NIGRA ‘HERITAGE’ – River Birch

A beautiful, deciduous, fast growing tree remarkable for its peeling light brown to cream shaggy bark. Dark glossy green leaves. As its name suggests, it is one of the finest trees for planting in damp ground although does not like waterlogged land.

BETULA PAPYRIFERA – Paper Birch

Vigorous, deciduous, open branched, round headed tree. Shiny white bark, peels in paper like layers. Yellowish catkins are borne in the spring, and oval, coarsely serrated leaves that turn yellow in autumn. Thrives in full sun and well-drained soil.

BETULA PENDULA (ALBA) ‘Lady of the Woods’ Native Silver Birch

MULTISTEM TREES ALSO AVAILABLE AT THE NURSERY

Tall domed crown and graceful pendulous branchlets develop with age. Diamond shaped leaves, usually yellow in autumn. White deeply fissured bark with age. Tolerant of poor dry soils, once established.

BETULA PENDULA ‘COSTATA’ – Korean Birch

Deciduous, graceful, conical tree, dull dark green ovate leaves turning golden yellow in autumn. Yellow-brown catkins opening when the young leaves appear. Attractive pure white bark. Height to 15m

BETULA PENDULA ‘DALECARLICA’ – Swedish Birch

A tall, graceful, slender tree with drooping branches and beautifully cut leaves. Good butter yellow autumn colours.

BETULA PENDULA ‘FASTIGIATA’ – Upright Birch

An erect form of birch, with closely erect branches. Good for a confined space or for a focal point.

BETULA PENDULA ‘GOLDEN BEAUTY’ – Birch

Conical tree with peeling white bark which becomes marked with deep cracks at the base of older trees. Leaves are diamond shaped, toothed and yellow. Hot sun may scorch the leaves.

BETULA PENDULA ‘PURPUREA’ – Purple Leaf Birch

Bears purple, saw edged diamond leaves. The purple foliage is striking in the spring. Stunning bark and autumn colours.

BETULA PENDULA ‘SILVER GRACE’ – Birch

A superior selection of Birch – the mature trunk is glistening white. Like all birches it does not cast much shade, for most soils as long as they are not waterlogged.

BETULA PENDULA ‘TRISTIS’ – Weeping Birch

A tall graceful tree, with slender, hanging twisted, pendulous branches, forming a narrow, symmetrical head. Saw edged diamond shaped leaves.

BETULA PENDULA ‘YOUNGII’ – Young’s Weeping Birch

Deciduous, weeping tree forming a mushroom-shaped dome of thread like branchlets. Has triangular, serrated leaves and smooth, white bark that is fissured black at maturity. Good for a small garden.

BETULA UTILIS – Himalayan Birch

Stunning bright white bark, especially noticeable in the winter. Oval serrated, mid-green leaves turn clear yellow in autumn.  Full or part sun and well drained soil.

BETULA UTILIS VAR. JACQUEMONTII - West Himalayan Birch

Deciduous, open branched, elegant tree, upright habit. Stunning white bark, especially noticeable in the winter. Oval serrated, mid-green leaves turn clear yellow in autumn.

BETULA UTILIS VAR. JACQUEMONTII ‘GRAYSWOOD GHOST’ – West Himalayan Birch

Deciduous, medium/large, open branched, elegant tree, upright habit. Stunning bright white bark, especially noticeable in winter. Oval serrated, mid-green leaves turn clear yellow in autumn. Full or part sun and well drained soil.

HORNBEAM – Attractive, easily grown trees even on heavy wet soils. City & pollution tolerant.

CARPINUS BETULUS – Common Hornbeam

Oval, prominently veined, dark green leaves that turn yellow and orange in autumn, often hanging for a long time. Bears green catkins from late spring to autumn, when clusters of winged nuts appear. Easier to establish on heavy soils than beech, which it resembles. Stands exposed sites. Foliage often persists over winter offering screening.

CARPINUS BETULUS ‘FASTIGIATA’ – Upright Hornbeam

Deciduous, erect tree with a very distinctive flame-like outline, that becomes more open with age. Oval, prominently veined, dark green leaves that turn yellow and gold in autumn.

 

CASTANEA SATIVA – Sweet Chestnut

Deciduous, spreading tree. Bark becomes spirally ridged with age. Large oblong, glossy, toothed, dark green, leaves turn yellow in autumn. Numerous spikes of small creamy yellow flowers in summer are followed by edible fruits in husks – chestnuts! Long-lived trees ideal for screening. Good on light soils but dislike chalk.

 

CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES – Indian Bean Tree

Deciduous spreading tree. Large, light green heart-shaped leaves are purplish when young. Spikes of white flowers marked with yellow and purple (similar to horse chestnut flowers) appear in summer followed by long cylindrical pendant pods, or ‘beans’. Requires a sheltered spot whilst establishing, preferring full sun & good soil. Can be regularly coppiced to retain size – leaves will then become much bigger – do have a look at our specimen in our Sales Area!

CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES ‘AUREA’ – Golden Indian Bean Tree

An outstanding form with large, velvety, soft yellow leaves which are almost green by the time the flowers open.  Scented white flowers marked with yellow and purple appear in summer followed by long cylindrical pendant pods, or ‘beans’.  Requires a sheltered spot whilst establishing, preferring full sun & good soil.

 

CEDRUS ATLANTICA ‘GLAUCA’ – Blue Atlas Cedar

A very large evergreen tree only really suitable in the long term for very large gardens, parks or open spaces. Blue-grey almost silver foliage. Prefers a well drained soil in sun or part shade.

CEDRUS DEODARA – Himalayan Cedar

A beautiful, graceful tree, with arching branches and drooping tips. Leaves can vary with greyish hues or sometimes a touch of silver. Large barrel shaped cones, stand upright, nestling in the branches. Usually prefer a well-drained soil, but will grow on heavy clay if not too wet.

CEDRUS LIBANII – Cedar of Lebanon

Evergreen . A large wide spreading tree growing to over 18m. Slow growing. Any reasonable soil in sun or part shade.

 

CERCIS SILIQUASTRUM – Judas Tree

Deciduous, spreading, bushy tree. Clusters of pea-like, bright pink flowers appear in mid- spring, before or with heart shaped leaves, followed by long, purplish-red pods in late summer. Needs a well-drained soil and part sun.

CORNUS CONTROVERSA ‘VARIEGATA’ – Variegated Wedding Cake Tree

Green, margined white, variegated leaves appear on red stems, followed by layers of white flowers in June.  Needs a sheltered, well drained spot.

NUTS – Splendid foliage and autumnal colours, thriving in almost any soil.  Delicious fruits for humans and wildlife too!

CORYLUS AVELLANA – Common Hazel

Deciduous tree or large shrub with rounded, broad leaves and male catkins in early spring, followed by edible nuts.  The leaves turn yellow in autumn.

CORYLUS COLURNA – Turkish Hazel

Deciduous, medium/large, conical tree.  Pale flaking, fissured corky bark when young.  Has broadly oval, strongly toothed, almost lobed, dark green leaves.  Long yellow catkins are borne in late winter.  Clusters of nuts are set in fringed husks on mature trees.

 

COTONEASTER ‘CORNUBIA’

Vigorous, semi-evergreen plant.  Clusters of white flowers in early summer amid dark green foliage, followed by large, pendant clusters of decorative, bright red fruits.  Requires full sun and well drained soil.

COTONEASTER ‘HYBRIDUS PENDULUS’

A very striking evergreen or semi-evergreen tree.  Glossy leaves on weeping branches are smothered in shiny red berries in autumn.  An excellent tree as a specimen in a small garden or in a large container.

COTONEASTER X WATERERI

Vigorous, semi-evergreen, arching tree.  Clusters of white flowers, produced in early summer amid dark green foliage, are followed by large, pendant clusters of decorative, bright red fruits.  Require full sun and well drained soil.

HAWTHORNS One of the hardiest and most adaptable of trees, even good in windswept and coastal areas. Tolerant once established both of dryness and excessive moisture. Hawthorns are amongst the hardiest and toughest of trees surviving where few others will- good for urban and coastal sites. Usually flower in May and June and all produce exceptional autumnal colours and berries – good for birds.

 CRATAEGUS ARNOLDIANA – Arnold Hawthorn

Beautiful small tree with shallow lobed leaves. Large bright red fruits, like cherries.

CRATAEGUS ‘AUTUMN GLORY’ – Hawthorn

Cream flowers, leaves dark green held well into autumn. Brightly coloured fruits like red cherries, excellent for birds.

CRATAEGUS CRUS-GALLI – Hawthorn/Cockspur Thorn

Long, curved thorns and oval glossy, dark green leaves turning bright crimson in autumn. Clusters of white flowers with pink anthers in late spring, followed by long lasting bright red fruits.

CRATAEGUS ELLWANGERIANA – Hawthorn

Large deep green leaves, giving excellent autumn colour. Large bright crimson fruits.

CRATAEGUS LACINIATA/ORIENTALIS – Oriental Hawthorn

A beautiful small tree, with deeply cut downy leaves, dark green above, grey beneath. Clusters of white single flowers. Fruits are large, yellowish later coral-red. Holding leaves well into autumn.

CRATAEGUS LAEVIGATA ‘CRIMSON CLOUD’ – Hawthorn

A deciduous small, round headed tree, with glossy dark green, lobed leaves and a profusion of single, dark red flowers with a white eye. Followed by masses of red berries.

CRATAEGUS LAEVIGATA ‘PAUL’S SCARLET’ – Midland Hawthorn

Toothed glossy dark green leaves and a profusion of double, pink/red flowers in late spring and early summer. Good autumn colour.

CRATAEGUS LAEVIGATA ‘ROSEA FLORE PLENO’ – Double Pink Hawthorn

Glossy, dark green leaves and double pink flowers, in profusion in late spring/early summer.

CRATAEGUS MEXICANA – Mexican Hawthorn

A small, spreading semi-evergreen tree with dark green leaves often persisting until January. White flowers in spring – and large fruits – orange-red at first turning to golden yellow – can be used to make a syrup or leave for the birds!! Ht to 5m.

CRATAEGUS MOLLIS – The ‘Red Haw’

Wide spreading tree with downy leaves, showy fruits like red cherries carried in large clusters.

CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA – Hawthorn

A familiar native extensively planted as hedging, but makes a beautiful tree. Scented white flowers appear in May. Red fruits in autumn. It can withstand both alkaline and acid soils, dry or wet and industrial pollution and exposure – excellent wildlife value.

CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA ‘STRICTA’ – Upright Hawthorn

A small tree with erect branches, very tough, excellent for exposed places and where space is limited – good feature spot plant.

CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA ‘VARIEGATA’ – Variegated Hawthorn

Unusual variegated form of the common Hawthorn. Leaves splashed and mottled with creamy white.

CRATAEGUS PINNATIFIDA VAR. MAJOR – Chinese Hawthorn

One of the best small trees for rich red autumn colour. Cream flowers in spring are followed by glossy crimson/red fruits.

CRATAEGUS PRUNIFOLIA – Frosted Thorn

Deciduous, spreading, thorny tree. Has oval to diamond shaped, deeply cut, grey green leaves, clusters of fragrant white flowers with red anthers, in mid summer and small apple shaped yellow/red fruits. Hardy and tolerant of many soil types.

CRATAEGUS X GRIGNONENSIS – Grignon’s Hawthorn

Small tree, late flowering and ripening with large bright red fruits. Shining green leaves keep colour until winter. White flowers in small corymbs, stamens with red anthers.

CRATAEGUS X LAVALLEI – Lavelle Hawthorn

Dense branches clothed with dark glossy green leaves, often retained until December. Large, white flowers are followed by orange-red fruits, which persist throughout winter.

CUPRESSOCYPARIS LEYLANDII – Leyland Cypress

Vigorous, upright, columnar conifer, tapering at the top. Will grow 1m a year, so a popular screening plant. Dark green or grey-green foliage held in flat sprays. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height to 29m. Spread 5m.

CUPRESSUS ARIZONICA FASTIGIATA – Arizona Cypress

Conical conifer.  Fully hardy.  Has fissured bark.  Sprays of scale-like, aromatic blue-green leaves.  Small, globular cones, glaucous blue when young, ripening to glossy brown.

CUPRESSUS MACROCARPA ‘GOLDCREST’ – Monterey Cypress

Fast-growing, conical conifer with aromatic, golden-yellow foliage held in plume-like sprays that are useful in flower arrangements.  Require full sun and well drained soil.

DAVIDIA INVOLUCRATA – Dove/Ghost or Handkerchief Tree

Deciduous, medium, conical tree with heart shaped vivid green leaves felted beneath. Large, white bracts – ‘The Handkerchiefs’ – appear on mature trees from late spring. Prefers part or full sun and good fertile soil.

ELEAGNUS COMMUTATA

Small tree with leaves of intense silver.  Small flowers with heady scent in May and June.  A lovely tree sited near a seating area.

ELEAGNUS X EBBINGEI

Evergreen, bushy, dense tree.  Fully hardy.  Has oblong to oval, glossy, dark green leaves, silvery beneath.  Bear intensely fragrant silvery flowers in autumn followed by egg shaped orange fruits in spring.  Ideal in windy or seaside positions.  Full sun or semi-shade.

EUCALYPTUS – Fast growing trees.  Most soils, not waterlogged or too heavy, except shallow chalks.  Coppice for control and effect.

EUCALYPTUS GUNNII – Cider Gum

One of the hardiest of the eucalyptus. Evergreen, conical tree with peeling, cream, pinkish and brown bark. Leaves are silver-blue and rounded when young, blue-green and elongated when mature. Clusters of white flowers, with numerous stamens, appear in mid-summer. Plants can be regularly coppiced to grow as a large shrub and retain juvenile leaves. Shelter from cold winds. Limited availability.

EUCALYPTUS NIPHOPHILIA – Snow Gum

Evergreen, spreading tree. Has patchwork-like flaking bark and red-rimmed, grey-green leaves with white flowers in spring. Requires full sun and well drained soil.

EUCALYPTUS PERRINIANA – Spinning Gum

A small, silver-leaved tree.  Flaking off-white, grey or green bark.  Young leaves are rounded bluish green, mature leaves tend to be more lance shaped and glaucous. Clusters of white or cream flowers are produced in summer.

EUONYMUS – HARMFUL IF EATEN Easy to grow small trees in almost any soil, especially chalk. Flowers are usually small. The main attraction is superb autumn colour and winged fruits which often persist well into winter. Best planted in 2’s or 3’s to effect cross pollination.

EUONYMOUS ALATUS – Winged Spindle Tree

Large, spreading deciduous shrub or tree.  Oval leaves turn rosy crimson colour in autumn.  Small, greenish flowers are followed by purple-red fruits which split to reveal orange seeds.

EUONYMOUS EUROPAEUS – Common Spindle Tree

Bark is smooth and grey at first, later becoming pink tinged and shallowly fissured. Leaves are oval, dark glossy green, turning purple-orange in autumn. Clusters of small creamy-white flowers appear in May to June and are followed by pink fruits with orange seeds.

EUONYMUS HAMILTONIANUS – Hamilton’s Spindle Tree

Spindle. A relative of our common hedgerow plant – although this one is often semi-evergreen in a mild winter. Fruits pink with orange or red-coated seeds. Height to 3m or can be pruned to suit – although this may result in fewer fruits. Any soil in sun or part-shade.

EUONYMUS PLANIPES – Chinese Spindle Tree

HARMFUL IF EATEN. Deciduous small tree or bush growing up to 3/4.5m in height. Exceptional autumnal colours. Greenish flowers of little significance are followed by large showy scarlet fruits are freely produced. Any reasonable soil especially good on chalks – in sun or shade.

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